Jiu Jitsu began nearly 600 years ago in Japan. In 1882, Jigoro Kano changed the techniques of Jiu Jitsu into Judo. Kano studied under three Jiu Jitsu masters and modified Jiu Jitsu into a new style that he called “the gentle way.” His mission was to create a way of life, through martial arts, to share with the world. In the early 1900s, Kano and his students traveled to the United States, England, Spain, Cuba, Europe, Mexico and Brazil, competing in challenges matches and exhibitions at circuses, performance halls and colleges.
One of the main advancements Judo made in martial arts was to standardize curriculum. Kano was a director of eduction in Japan and he classified techniques and organized them logically. He used literal names associated with parts of the body instead of metaphorical names previously used in Jiu Jitsu. He then detailed all his Judo teachings into his book Kodokan Judo. Hal Sharp, an American who trained in Judo at the Kodokan, recorded these techniques in a video during the 1950s.
The original 1895 Judo curriculum includes 40 throws, pins and submissions. The Kodokan Judo book details 18 submissions, but of those, 10 are the most effective and proven in competition. Learn and incorporate these into your training and watch your results improve significantly.
Hadaka Jime (Naked Choke)
Juji Gatame (Cross Armlock)
Okuri Eri Jime (Sliding Collar Choke)
Sode Guruma Jime (Sleeve Wheel Choke)
Sankaku Jime (Triangle Choke)
Sankaku Gatame (Triangle Lock)
Ude Gatame (Arm Armlock)
Ude Garami (Coil Armlock)
Hiza Gatame (Knee Armlock)
Bonus Technique: Katame Gatame (Shoulder Lock)
Judo classifies Kata Gatame as a pin, not a submission, but it is an excellent submission, especially in no gi.
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